Biometric data are individuals’ unique and unseparable features, which lead to both a strength and a weakness: being it unique, it ensures recognition; being it unseparable, it is not possible to replace it in any way as we do with passwords.

Such weakness requires the highest safety and protection of biometric data, through which a body guarantees its own identity. Data is therefore linked to the body-identity: when losing the data, the body loses its own unreplaceable identity. Losing his identity, the individual is depersonalised, as free as a soldier. The individual freedom is therefore the ethical reason why biometric data has to remain under individual property and control; the same ethical reason can be found in the Italian Constitution within the provision that guarantees personal freedom’s inviolability.

Whenever technologies interfere with warranties related to the individual, we have to face the issue of their responsible use; we therefore need to demonstrate that the legal framework that protects biometric data is respected when using such technologies.

Validata s.r.l. implements electronic signature’s solutions, also based on grafo-biometrics data, for those subjects who dispense the solutions themselves.
These solutions are compliant with technical rules related to the creation, position and verification of advanced, qualified and digital electronic signatures, as stated in D.P.C.M. 22-02-2013, title V.
They are also compliant with the D.Lgs. 30-06-2003, n. 196, which contains the "Code for personal data protection", and with specific provisions for biometric data processing.

In particular, Bio-Pen uses behavioural data (signature dynamics) of interactive biometrics (consenting and collaborating user).